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Home/Edge Cloud/Networking/Subnetwork

Create and manage a subnetwork

A subnetwork is a range of IP addresses in a cloud network. Addresses from this range will be assigned to Virtual Machines(VMs) in the cloud.  

Create a subnetwork

There are two ways to create a subnetwork in the network: during the creation of a Gcore Virtual Machine or from the Networks page, which is described in the following section.

Create a subnetwork from the Networks page

1. In the Gcore Customer Portal, navigate to Cloud > Networking.

Networks page open in the Customer Portal

2. Find the network where you want to create a subnetwork and click its name to open it.

3. Click Create subnetwork.

Network settings section with the highlighted Create a subnetwork button

4. A new Create subnetwork page will open. Here, you can customize subnetwork settings.

5. Enter the subnetwork name.

6. Set CIDR between ranges: 10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255, 172.16.0.0—172.31.255.255, 192.168.0.0—192.168.255.255. Set the mask between 16 and 24. You can find more information in the Set the IP range section.

7. (optional) Turn on the Enable DHCP toggle to assign IP addresses to machines in the subnet automatically.

8. (optional) Turn on the Non-routable subnetwork toggle to block access to the subnet from external networks and other subnets. If you keep the network routable, you can specify the Gateway IP address. Otherwise, a random IP address will be assigned.

9. (optional) Enter server addresses in the "Custom DNS" field to add specific DNS servers.

10. (optional) Turn on Add tags to add metadata to the subnetwork.

11. Click Create subnetwork.

Network settings section with the highlighted Create a subnetwork button

Set the IP range

While creating a subnetwork, specify the address range in the CIDR format.

Create a subnetwork dialog

The subnetwork size is set using the classless addressing (CIDR) method. You can use both private IPv6 and IPv4 addresses in subnetworks. 

Acceptable CIDR ranges for IPv4 addresses are as follows:

  • 10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255 
  • 172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255 
  • 192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255

The valid subnet mask range is 16-29.

Configure network routing

A routed network is a private network that's already connected to a router with a public interface. All Virtual Machines in such networks can access the internet through the router and accept incoming connections. 

By default, a subnetwork in the cloud is created with internet access, which means that it’s routable. If you need to restrict machines from external connections, you need to enable the Non-routable subnetwork option while creating a subnetwork.

Create subnetwork dialog

Set up the default gateway

If your Gcore Virtual Machine or Gcore Bare Metal server has both public and private interfaces, disable the default gateway for all private subnetworks. Otherwise, there will be a conflict with the default gateway on the server, and you won’t be able to connect to the server.

If you need to configure a gateway in a private subnetwork, ensure that only one of your subnetworks is routable. To do this, check the subnetwork settings and verify that only one subnetwork has the Enable router gateway toggle active.

Edit subnetwork dialog

Manage subnetworks

You can view and manage subnetworks on the Networking page of the Gcore Customer Portal.

Rename a subnetwork

1. In the Gcore Customer Portal, navigate to Cloud > Networking.

Networks page open in the Customer Portal

2. Find the network where you want to rename a subnetwork. Click the network's name to open it.

3. Click the three-dot icon next to the subnetwork you want to rename, then click Edit.

Network settings with the highlighted edit button

4. Update the subnetwork’s name.

5. Click Edit subnetwork to save the changes.

Subnetwork settings

The subnetwork has been renamed.

Delete a subnetwork

You can delete a subnetwork that’s not attached to a VM.

To delete a subnetwork:

1. In the Gcore Customer Portal, navigate to Cloud > Networking.

Networks page open in the Customer Portal

2. Find the network where you want to delete a subnetwork. Click the network's name to open it.

3. Click the three-dot icon next to the subnetwork you want to remove, then click Delete.

Network settings with the highlighted delete button

4. Confirm your action by clicking Delete again.

Delete subnetwork confirmation dialog

The subnetwork has been successfully removed.

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