How to Create a Folder in Ubuntu

How to Create a Folder in Ubuntu

Managing your files and directories is an essential skill for Ubuntu users, regardless of their experience level. Our guide covers everything you need to know about organizing your files, from using the graphical user interface to executing terminal commands. With this guide, you can effectively manage your files and become more proficient in using the Linux ecosystem.

Using the File Manager

Learn how to create a folder in Ubuntu using the File Manager with step-by-step instructions.

#1 Open File Manager

The File Manager, also known as Nautilus in Ubuntu, provides a graphical interface to interact with your files and directories. You’ll see a window displaying your folders, files, and locations on the left sidebar.

Screenshot of the Ubuntu desktop with the Nautilus file manager window in focus

#2 Navigate to the Desired Location

Before creating a folder, decide where you want it. Maybe it’s in the “Documents” directory or perhaps on the Desktop. As you click through directories, the main pane of the File Manager updates to show the contents of the current location.

#3 Right-Click for Context Menu

Right-clicking in an empty space of the directory will bring up a context menu with several options. Select “New Folder” this option allows you to create a new directory within your current location. An icon representing a new folder appears in your current location with the placeholder’s name “Untitled Folder” highlighted.

screenshot of context-menu to select new folder on file manager in ubuntu desktop.

#4 Name Your Folder

While the name “Untitled Folder” is highlighted, you can type to replace it with your desired folder name. After naming the folder, pressing the “Enter” key will finalize the folder creation.

screenshot of untitled folder in documents file manager in ubuntu desktop.

Using the Terminal

For beginners, the terminal can seem like a complicated tool, leading them to avoid using it to solve problems. However, eventually, one may need to start working with it. In such cases, creating a folder through the terminal can be a more suitable method. Below are the steps for creating a folder via the terminal.

#1 Open the Terminal

You can launch the Terminal in Ubuntu by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T. Alternatively, you can search for “Terminal” in the application menu and click on it.

#2 Navigate to the Directory

Before creating a folder, you should navigate to the location where you want the new folder. Use the command below:

cd path/to/your/directory

For instance, if you wish to navigate to the Desktop, you’d use:

cd ~/Desktop

#3 Create the Folder

To create a new folder, use the mkdir command followed by the desired folder name.

mkdir YourFolderName

Replace “YourFolderName” with whatever you’d like to name your folder.

#4 Verify the Folder’s Creation

After creating the folder, it’s good practice to ensure it was successfully made. Use the command:


The output will list all items in the current directory. You should see your new folder listed among them. Here’s a sample output:

screenshot of using ls command in terminal on ubuntu desktop.

#5 Exit the Terminal

Once you’ve created your folder and verified it, you can exit the terminal by simply closing the terminal window or using this command:


Well done! After completing these steps, you now have a freshly created folder in your chosen directory. While the Terminal can initially appear daunting, consistent use transforms it into a powerful asset for numerous Ubuntu tasks.


Want to run Ubuntu in a virtual environment? With Gcore Cloud, you can choose from Basic VM, Virtual Instances, or VPS/VDS suitable for Ubuntu:

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